How to Make a Running Turk’s Head
By Hervey Garrett Smith
Mariners from the Age of Sail were experts in “marlinspike seamanship,” or ropework, both functional and decorative. One of the most popular knots that sailors learned early on and that people today, sailors and landlubbers alike, use to make bracelets and anklets is the Running Turk’s Head. It is very easy to learn, and all you need is a length of twine and 3 nautical definitions about rope (or twine, in this case) to do it.
- Standing part: the part of a rope not actively being used to tie the knot
- Working end: the other end of the rope being “worked” or used to tie the knot
- Bight: a section of the rope with neither end, often in the shape of a loop
Hervey Garrett Smith explained it best in his book, The Marlinspike Sailor:
|To start, hold the standing end with your thumb and pass the working end twice around your fingers as shown in illustration No. 1.|
Rotate your fingers toward you, and tuck the working end as shown in No. 2.
Pull bight A across to the right and bight B under A to the left. It should now look like No. 3.
The working end is now tucked through bight B toward you, then over A to the right and up under the bight directly above. It should now look like No. 4.
|Rotate your fingers away from you to their original position and you’ll find you are right back where you started, but the knot is now “set up” and should look like No. 5.|
|Now tuck the working end alongside the standing end, as in No. 6, keeping always to the right of it, and following it over and under around your fingers until you are back again where you started.|
You will now have a Turk’s head of two passes, and since you need three, proceed to pass the working end over and under once more, again to the right of the previous passes. This sounds confusing as I write it, but it is easy when you have the line on your fingers and the tucks then become pretty obvious.
Having finished your tucks, the next step is to take out all the slack in the strands, starting at one end and working round and round the knot, until every part has equal tension and symmetry. The ends are cut off underneath the strands so they do not show.
Did You Know?
Today, shipyards have a number of ways to get a ship out of water, either by hauling it out or by floating it into a basin and the water pumped out.
Historically though, sea captains would careen their vessels in shallow water by either heaving it over on its side while it was still afloat or by anchoring in shallow water at high tide and then waiting for the tide to go out. The vessel would touch bottom, and, as the tide went out, lay over on its side.
How does one go about getting a ship, especially a big ship, high and dry out of the water today?